Minecraft Memory Palace

Minecraft is limited only by your imagination
Minecraft is limited only by your imagination

I’ve been a fan of memory systems for years, especially the Memory Palace method of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Known as the ‘System of Locii’ this is based on the principle of using places to remember things. This is how it works – you think of somewhere you know (such as your house) and in your imagination you divide it into specific locations (bathroom, bedroom etc.). When you want to memorise things you create exaggerated images or symbols and, in your imagination, place them in the locations you’ve chosen. When the time comes to recall the information you mentally walk through your chosen place and as you enter each room you will ‘see’ the images of the things you want to remember. To give a really pedestrian example – let’s say you need to buy oranges, chicken and milk. In your imagination you might fill your bath with oranges, have a giant chicken sitting on your bed and a cow being milked on the landing. When you visit the shops you imagine you’re back at home and when you see the images in your mind you remember what you wanted to buy.

Renaissance memory palace in the form of a theatre.

The system is incredibly powerful, and was developed and used for thousands of years. The advent of print meant that people no longer had to commit huge amounts of information to memory and the ‘art’ went underground (it was also associated with Alchemy, and therefore regarded with suspicion by the Church). It became a trade secret among stage magicians and others who continued to tap into its amazing ability to fix information in our heads. Most card counters use a variation of the Memory Palace system to make huge amounts of money in the casinos, before they get found out and their photos circulated on the banned lists. Recent discoveries in neuroscience suggests that it taps into fundamental structures of the human mind, our ability to navigate space combined with our imagination, which is why it works so well.

The example of a shopping list I gave above is not particularly interesting, but the Memory Palace can be used to remember incredible amounts of data. At the moment I’m using it to memorise European history on a year by year basis from 0 AD (I’m up to 1500). To give another example, in my imagination I can see a Mafia boss eating an ant pie in Ilkley Station in Yorkshire. This tells me that the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius ascended the throne in 138AD (I’ve introduced a second memory system here which is used for numbers, the Mafia boss represents the number 38). Now, when I get bored with long train journeys, I can ‘walk’ through history in my head.

Minecraft - limitless sandbox for building memory palaces.
Minecraft – limitless sandbox for building memory palaces.

Creating a Memory Palace takes time and practice and there are disadvantages to using real places. Typically you will associate a whole range of extraneous information with a location in the actual world. I can’t think of my home without including my family and the cats, and they can get in the way of the things I want to remember. The problem is exacerbated in public spaces. I have to make the mental effort of emptying Ilkley Station of people before I stick my image on the platform. The alternative is to create imaginary locations – palaces and villas of the mind – but these can often be difficult to visualise as accurately as a real place, and so the associated imagery is weaker. These were two things I struggled with until I came across Minecraft.

For anyone who’s been living in a cave for the last few years, Minecraft is a sandbox game that allows you to build anything you like in an infinite world using simple blocks. It’s essentially a virtual version of Lego, though you are limited entirely to cubes. It has two modes – Survival and Creative. In Survival mode you have to mine for materials to make things to defend yourself against randomly spawned monsters. In Creative mode you have access to all the building blocks, and don’t have to struggle against enemies. I’m using Creative Mode to build memory palaces and the results are fantastic. It gets round the problems of random association you get with real places, and gives concrete form to imaginary buildings, making them more ‘real’. Right now I’m using it to learn the periodic table of elements – here’s a quick tour of a section of my Minecraft Memory Palace:

Transitional Metals in the Periodic Table
Transitional Metals in the Periodic Table

This is part of the palace devoted to Transitional Metals on the periodic table (hence the big TM on the wall).


This room contains images for four elements. The tree represents Tantalum, it’s the tree from Hades that held the fruit that blew out of reach whenever Tantalus reached up to eat it. The big pink tongue is Tungsten, and the blue box is a box of Rennies indigestion tablets (Rhenium). Through the archway is Osmium.


Below is the cave of the Sybil, deep underground where I have built a complex of rooms for the Alkaline Earth Metals. In here is Beryllium.


Minecraft is crude and blocky, and you have to use your imagination to fill in the details. This is actually a good thing because, in the end, the information sits in your brain. That means I can review my knowledge of the periodic table by ‘walking’ through my Memory Palace in Minecraft, or in my head when I have nothing else to do. Each walkthrough reinforces the information, embedding it in my long-term memory. This is only the beginning, Minecraft is such fun to play with I’m adding rooms for all sorts of things I need to remember for work, my writing and my own learning. You could use this system to build entire plots for novels, for example. You can also add information as you come across it. I’m using a memory system for remembering numbers that uses famous people. For example, King Arthur is the number 74. By having him stick Excalibur in the big pink tongue I remember that the Atomic Number of Tungsten is 74.

The classic book on Memory Palaces is Francis Yates’ The Art of Memory. The best contemporary guide I’ve come across on how to build such a palace is Dominic O’Brien’s How to Pass Exams. Minecraft can be downloaded from here.






17 responses to “Minecraft Memory Palace”

  1. Jane Dougherty Avatar

    I wonder if we don’t use the technique unconsciously sometimes. Like when I want to remember where I’ve put something ‘to keep it safe’ (so it won’t remain ‘safe’ until we move again) I imagine myself putting it there, and focus on something distinctive about it. Crude, and in the end not always successful. Must try the Greek pre-post it method.
    I’ll never think of Ilkley in quite the same way again.

  2. John Guy Collick Avatar
    John Guy Collick

    In my head Ilkley has become a place of sex, violence, volcanic eruptions, supernovae (185AD) and strangling (the death of Commodus). People have no idea when they see me sitting in Betty’s Tea Rooms eating my Eccles cake.

  3. A Voracious Reader Avatar

    My kids LOVE Minecraft, but when I watch them play it just gives me a headache. lol Creative idea though to use it for remembering things. *two thumbs up*

  4. John Guy Collick Avatar
    John Guy Collick

    I think you can use it as a guerilla way of getting kids to swot for exams etc. If the system is used right it’s the perfect combination of play and learning. I guess they could also build memory palaces together through co-operative on-line play, though I haven’t tried it myself.

  5. Carlton Avatar

    I just found out about Minecraft, and instantly thought of using it for memory palace. I don’t memory palaces at all yet, for the reasons you have given using real locations, but I think I might start with this. It should be calle “Mindcraft” 😉 Thanks.

  6. Jack Nord Avatar
    Jack Nord

    Could there be some way of us downloading your mind palace? I’ve always wanted to walk through someone else’s. That’d be so cool!

    1. John Guy Collick Avatar
      John Guy Collick

      I’m not sure how you’d do that. Let me try and find out, and if I can I’ll post the link. The only difficulty is that it wouldn’t make much sense because the associations between the locations and the elements are in my head, not in the world itself.

      1. Kyle Avatar

        If someone started a public server you could invite others to contribute to your memory palace, or to build their own palaces in your world (something akin to the Vlogbrother’s “Nerdcrafteria”). I think with the right in-game infrastructure and rule enforcement this could be a really cool educational tool. Interested to hear what others might think about a public memory palace server

  7. Patchouli Avatar

    I got here by looking for people’s experiences creating journeys and places in Minecraft, and when reading “For anyone who’s been living in a cave for the last few years”, I couldn’t help jumping up a bit, thinking about how I have indeed been living in various cave systems for quite some time! 😀
    But then I realised you were referring to those people who have not yet heard about Minecraft contrary to us cave dwellers. Anyway, great article, thanks. I’m happy to know that you are using Minecraft for this successfully, and I’ll give it a try. From Minecraft to Mindcraft!

  8. FluffyDuck Avatar

    Would also love a download of this place. It looks so incredibly beautiful!
    If that is not possible, then some more screenshots perhaps so we can try building it ourselves? Or is the building on the top picture not yours?

    1. John Guy Collick Avatar
      John Guy Collick

      Sadly it’s not my building – it’s from this video, which is even more stunning!


  9. Alex Lane Avatar
    Alex Lane

    Wow. Very impressive!

    How long did it take you to create this “memory palace”?

    1. John Guy Collick Avatar
      John Guy Collick

      I’m not responsible for the wonderful building in the first picture, though I wish I had. All the other bits I built. It takes quite a while because you are also learning the concepts while you build. To do the entire table of elements took me roughly three weeks.

  10. Vespacian Avatar

    Cool association you have for Emperor Antoninus Pius. I am getting ready to use Minecraft for the first time just in order to build memory palaces. Quick question, or wish: Is there any map, short or lang, that you can share? And then add a list of what the associations mean to you? It would be very valuable to be able to walk around such a map, and see how it’s done by those who’s got experience.

    1. John Guy Collick Avatar
      John Guy Collick

      I don’t have a map with an index at the moment but I’m thinking of doing a video with a walk-through of part of my memory palace to explain how it works. It’s really quite easy – the main thing to bear in mind is that the real memory palace, and the most important one, is inside your own head. The Minecraft version is just a crude map for reference. So, for example, when I see Claudius on the elephant in the driveway of my own house, I see it as it really would appear, not as a blocky MC sculpture. That’s just there to act as a prompt, in the same way that a musical score is a representation of a symphony. 🙂

      1. Vespacian Avatar

        Yes, please do share if you make a video. I have just bought the neat and cheap Google Cardboard to get a virtual reality experience on my phone. Makes the whole thing feel more real.

        I’ve got many real life memory palaces, but I’ve run out new ones, so that makes me really curious about the artificial ones. If it works well, then it would be tremendously useful.

  11. Vespacian Avatar

    I’ve just made a simple memory palace for the 10 largest countries in the world. I’d appreciate your opinions.


    I am looking for good maps to use for memory palaces, with loci that are easy to tell apart. Basically very small houses in a straight street or such. I have looked a lot, but only found one map so far that I think is suitable. If you have other suitable maps that you currently use, I’d appreciate if you’d share the names of those maps.

    Have a good day!

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